FRB, FDIC provide resolution plan feedback to 19 FBOs, tailor supervisory expectations

On August 8, 2017, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the agencies) extended, from December 31, 2017 to December 31, 2018, the resolution plan deadline for 21 firms, including 19 foreign banking organizations (FBOs).

On January 29, 2018, the agencies issued firm-specific feedback to these 19 FBOs based on their last resolution plans filed in 2015.1 Although the feedback letters do not identify any deficiencies or shortcomings with respect to the 2015 plans,2 they outline key supervisory expectations that must be met as the FBOs prepare to file their next plans.

FBOs with US IHCs

Eight of the 19 FBOs were required to establish US intermediate holding companies (IHCs) as of July 1, 2016.3 Accordingly, these FBOs are required to describe any changes they have made to their resolution plan resulting from the implementation of the IHC requirement.

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FRB finalizes US risk committee, home country stress testing certifications for FBOs

More than two years after issuing its proposal, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) finalized1 changes to the FR Y-7 (Annual Report of Foreign Banking Organizations) with respect to the US risk committee and home country stress testing certification requirements for foreign banking organizations (FBOs).

The changes are effective beginning with the reports submitted on or after March 1, 2018.

For more information on the reporting requirements, please click here.

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FRB proposes new supervisory expectations for senior management, business line management, independent risk management and controls of large financial institutions

In connection with its August 2017 proposal to establish a new rating system for large financial institutions (LFIs)1, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) issued proposed guidance on January 4, 2018 outlining supervisory expectations for senior management, business line management, and independent risk management (IRM) and controls in the form of principles.2

Once finalized, the guidance will help inform the FRB’s overall evaluation of a firm’s governance and controls (i.e., one of the three components of the new rating system, along with capital planning and positions and liquidity risk management and positions).  The proposed guidance is generally consistent with a high-level preview of expectations provided in the August rating system proposal, though the guidance would now also extend to the US operations of foreign banking organizations (FBOs).3

The proposed guidance would apply to US bank holding companies (BHCs), savings and loan holding companies (SLHCs), and the combined US operations of FBOs with more than $50 billion in total assets, as well as state member bank subsidiaries of these organizations and nonbank financial companies designated for enhanced supervision by the Financial Stability Oversight Council.

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CCAR: Reaching the summit

The Federal Reserve (“Fed”) released the results of its Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR) for 2017 on June 28.  Key Facts:

  • For the first time in CCAR’s seven-year history, the Fed did not object to any of the capital plans or capital distributions.
  • One firm, Capital One, was required to resubmit its capital plan to address certain capital planning process weaknesses.
  • The aggregate quantitative results were very similar to last year’s test, with all 34 firms exceeding required minimums.
  • Two firms, American Express and Capital One, adjusted their original requested capital distributions taking advantage of a so called “mulligan” to fine tune their capital levels.

The prior week’s release of the Dodd-Frank Act Stress Test (DFAST) results provided more detailed information on the Fed’s stress test.  Compared to CCAR, those results exclude buybacks and capital issuances and hold past common dividends constant.

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FRB finalizes public disclosure requirement for LCR

Introduction

On December 19, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) finalized a rule requiring covered institutions to publicly disclose their Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR), including quantitative and qualitative information underlying the LCR.1 Relative to the proposal, the final rule did not revise the reporting frequency or quantitative data requirements.   However, it did amend the qualitative information requirements.

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FRB, FDIC issue resolution planning guidance, one-year extension to four FBOs; Issue evaluation of 16 US BHC resolution plans

On March 24, 2017, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)1 (collectively, the “agencies”) issued guidance to four foreign banking organizations (FBOs) for their next resolution planning submissions (the “2018 Guidance”) and announced credibility determinations for 16 resolution plans submitted by US bank holding companies (BHCs) in 2015.2

Notably, the agencies extended—from July 1, 2017 to July 1, 2018—the date by which the FBOs must submit their next resolution plans, but did not release credibility determinations for the FBOs’ 2015 resolution plans.

The agencies did not identify deficiencies in any of the plans submitted by the 16 US BHCs, but did identify shortcomings in one of the plans.

For a more detailed analysis of the credibility determinations for the resolution plans submitted by the 16 US BHCs, please click here.

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Modernizing risk & compliance and Regulation YY implementation

In our previous blogs on foreign banking organizations (FBOs), we highlighted our thoughts on some of the next set of challenges for large FBOs following the July 1, 2016 compliance deadline to establish Intermediate Holding Companies (IHCs). We recognize the long road to operationalizing run-the-bank (RtB) processes has just begun and the true “use” tests of the IHCs and their combined US Operations will be unfolding for some time. FBOs have experienced a significant period of change for more than three years, and the baton has now been passed from large change programs to implementation programs. The focus has shifted to embedding the IHC/Regulation YY requirements into businesses to execute, control functions (i.e., second line functions) to monitor and test, and internal audit to validate.

It is critical that FBOs operationalize and then sustain their RtB processes, and reinforce and/or enhance the Three Lines of Defense (3 LoD) governance models currently in place. The ability of these functions working end-to-end and across siloes to do their jobs will be a critical point for enabling risk identification, monitoring and mitigation, ensuring a robust risk and compliance culture, and providing a US-centric view of the FBO’s operations and risk profile. The regulatory spotlight, especially over the course of the next year, will be on risk, compliance and internal audit, and the effectiveness of these second and third lines of defense to identify whether the processes are working.

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Regulatory reporting elements of new proposed rules on physical commodities and capital planning

Although large banking organizations are likely aware of the Federal Reserve Board’s (FRB) recent proposed rules to impose prudential requirements and limitations on certain physical commodity activities1 and modify the capital planning and stress testing rules for “large and noncomplex” firms,2 they may not have paid sufficient attention to the regulatory reporting components of the proposals.

Importantly, these two proposals would make changes to the following reports:

  • FR Y-9C, which collects consolidated financial statements for holding companies;
  • FR Y-9LP, which collects parent-only financial statements for large holding companies; and
  • FR Y-14A/Q/M series related to capital assessments and stress testing.

In addition to understanding the impact of the FRB’s proposals on their businesses, covered US and foreign banking organizations should carefully review the proposed changes to these key regulatory reports and understand what actions are required in order to comply.

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A strategic approach to regulatory risk management

Overview

A recognition has emerged among both domestic and foreign banks that regulatory risk is a critical part of an organization’s risk framework.  Regulatory risk extends beyond the colloquial definition of a change in laws, rules, and regulations that may impact how business is conducted to include monitoring of the regulatory rulemaking environment, impact on policymaking, and overall regulatory relations management—that is, managing relationships with your regulators. Such relationship management extends beyond tactical examination flow and responding to requests; instead, it embraces a larger, more significant role that includes a comprehensive regulatory policy, and regulatory strategy approach. Accordingly, it becomes perhaps more important than ever that foreign banking organizations (FBOs) gain an early understanding of new regulatory developments at the proposal stage and work with the business to understand how to build the requisite capabilities for new regulatory requirements while continuing to meet the business’ strategic objectives.  While doing this, it is important to inform your regulator of how your business and risk strategy are aligned to execute requirements to sustainability (that is, how you will get there).

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Regulatory change: Challenges continue, but opportunities exist

Posted by Irena Gecas-McCarthy, Advisory Principal, Deloitte & Touche LLP, Chris Spoth, Advisory Managing Director, Deloitte & Touche LLP, David Wright, Advisory Managing Director, Deloitte & Touche LLP, Monica Lalani, Advisory Principal, Deloitte & Touche LLP Ken Lamar, Independent Senior Advisor to Deloitte & Touche LLP, Richard Rosenthal, Advisory Senior Manager, Deloitte & Touche LLP, and Alex LePore, Advisory Senior Consultant, Deloitte & Touche LLP on August 30, 2016

Overview

Regulators have consistently communicated their high expectations for large foreign banking organizations (FBOs) operating in the US.  Underlying these expectations is the assumption that FBOs will understand, appropriately respond to, and comply with regulations and guidance affecting the totality of their US operations, now in the forms of Intermediate Holding Companies (IHCs) and US branches and agencies.  To have sufficient time to respond to, and integrate, new requirements, FBOs should gain an early understanding of new regulatory developments at the proposal stage, evaluate their impact on US operations, comment, and, when finalized, shift to an implementation mode that builds and integrates these new capabilities into business-as-usual operations.

Large FBOs, in particular, are already subject to recovery and resolution planning (RRP), liquidity reporting, liquidity stress testing, governance, and risk management requirements, among others, and are expected to holistically meet regulatory reporting, capital planning, and stress testing requirements.  The Federal Reserve Board’s (FRB) final rule1 establishing enhanced prudential standards significantly raised the stakes for FBOs to effectively meet regulatory requirements.

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