Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System proposed rule moves forward with site neutrality, other changes

On July 25, 2018, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released the proposed rule for the 2019 Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and Ambulatory Surgical Center Payment System (ASC), laying out proposals aimed at moving forward the Administration’s efforts on site-neutral payment policy as part of an effort to address health care spending growth.

In particular, the proposed rule includes proposed changes to payments for off-campus provider-based departments (PBDs), including a proposal that would reimburse clinic visits at non-excepted PBDs using the Physician Fee Schedule (PFS)-equivalent payment rate rather than the outpatient payment rate. In addition, CMS proposes to allow ASCs to provide a wider array of services, potentially creating a new incentive to deliver more care in non-hospital settings in certain circumstances.

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