FRB, FDIC provide resolution plan feedback to 19 FBOs, tailor supervisory expectations

On August 8, 2017, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the agencies) extended, from December 31, 2017 to December 31, 2018, the resolution plan deadline for 21 firms, including 19 foreign banking organizations (FBOs).

On January 29, 2018, the agencies issued firm-specific feedback to these 19 FBOs based on their last resolution plans filed in 2015.1 Although the feedback letters do not identify any deficiencies or shortcomings with respect to the 2015 plans,2 they outline key supervisory expectations that must be met as the FBOs prepare to file their next plans.

FBOs with US IHCs

Eight of the 19 FBOs were required to establish US intermediate holding companies (IHCs) as of July 1, 2016.3 Accordingly, these FBOs are required to describe any changes they have made to their resolution plan resulting from the implementation of the IHC requirement.

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Is your resolution plan enough?

Enhancing the second line of defense framework

Over the past several years, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, “the Agencies”) have shifted their focus on resolution planning, now emphasizing the capabilities that banks must demonstrate in order to have a credible plan. Through their feedback letters to institutions, guidance, and FAQs, it is evident that the Agencies are emphasizing plan execution rather than conceptual strategy.

Banks’ first lines of defense (FLOD) should demonstrate that they can execute the plan to the Agencies. By using the second lines of defense (SLOD) to review controls, manage internal testing, and provide credible challenge, banks may be able to reduce the chances of the Agencies finding a firm’s plan “non-credible.” Ultimately, banks should demonstrate that required actions are replicable in order to reduce exposure to agency criticism.

One key to success? Accurate and precise data. Banks have the opportunity to leverage data to improve resolution planning processes continuously, which captures data that demonstrates they can execute their preferred resolution strategy. That same data can be used to improve efficiencies and avoid potential identified shortfalls or deficiencies.

By embracing resolution planning’s complexity, banks can accelerate their performance to lead the industry and better navigate resolution planning challenges, especially as changes occur.

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FRB, FDIC issue feedback on 2017 US G-SIB resolution plans, find no deficiencies

On December 19, 2017, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the agencies) announced credibility determinations and released firm-specific feedback on the 2017 resolution plans submitted by the eight US global systemically important banks (G-SIBs) under Section 165(d) of Dodd-Frank.1

Notably, the agencies announced that none of the plans had deficiencies,2 which reflects the “significant progress made in recent years.”

However, the agencies found that four of the plans had shortcomings3 related to derivatives and trading activities, separability, and legal entity rationalization (each plan had a single shortcoming).  In addition, the agencies identified four areas in which “more work needs to be done by all firms to continue to improve their resolvability”:

  1. intra-group liquidity,
  2. internal loss-absorbing capacity,
  3. derivatives, and
  4. payment, clearing, and settlement activities.

The agencies also expect firms to “remain vigilant in considering the resolution consequences of their day-to-day management decisions.” For a detailed analysis of the agencies feedback, click here.

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Navigating “Year Two”: Regulatory landscape and challenges for foreign banks and their IHCs

After the July 1, 2016 compliance deadline for foreign banking organizations (FBOs) to establish US intermediate holding companies (IHCs) and implement the enhanced prudential standards,1 we noted that, although the effective date marked a key milestone on the journey toward effective compliance, the “long road to operationalizing run-the-bank (RtB) functions has just begun.”2 Heading into Year Two, FBOs with their US IHCs and broader combined US operations (CUSO) contend with the reality that there is a significant road yet to be traveled in a regulatory environment focused on local/jurisdictional implementation that challenges the global model.

Four key focus areas underpinning the supervisory strategy

Although FBOs have made notable progress leading up to and after last year’s “go-live” date under Regulation YY, they continue to face substantial challenges across aspects of the Federal Reserve Board’s (FRB) four key supervisory focus areas:

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FRB, FDIC issue resolution planning guidance, one-year extension to four FBOs; Issue evaluation of 16 US BHC resolution plans

On March 24, 2017, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)1 (collectively, the “agencies”) issued guidance to four foreign banking organizations (FBOs) for their next resolution planning submissions (the “2018 Guidance”) and announced credibility determinations for 16 resolution plans submitted by US bank holding companies (BHCs) in 2015.2

Notably, the agencies extended—from July 1, 2017 to July 1, 2018—the date by which the FBOs must submit their next resolution plans, but did not release credibility determinations for the FBOs’ 2015 resolution plans.

The agencies did not identify deficiencies in any of the plans submitted by the 16 US BHCs, but did identify shortcomings in one of the plans.

For a more detailed analysis of the credibility determinations for the resolution plans submitted by the 16 US BHCs, please click here.

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The role of internal audit in recovery and resolution planning

Introduction

US regulators continue to flex their muscles and push resolution planning as a key regulatory driver to reduce systemic risk and the likelihood of an institution being “too big to fail.” On April 13, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, the “Agencies”) jointly determined, for the first time, that certain resolution plans submitted by domestic systemically important banks (D-SIBs) were “not credible or would not facilitate an orderly resolution”1 under the US Bankruptcy Code. Further, the Agencies issued prescriptive guidance increasing expectations for the eight US D-SIBs’ resolution plan submissions due July 1, 2017 (2017 Guidance).2

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FRB, FDIC release public sections of 2016 Resolution Plans of eight US G-SIBs

On October 4, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (collectively, “the Agencies”) released the public sections of the “targeted submissions” that fulfill the 2016 resolution planning requirement for each of the eight US global systemically important banks (G-SIBs).1 Although these public sections are, on balance, slightly shorter than the 2015 public sections submitted in connection with the last full submissions, they contain significant new details about completed and forthcoming enhancements to resolution planning capabilities to address regulatory concerns.

In April 2016, the Agencies determined that the 2015 plans submitted by five of the eight US G-SIBs were “not credible or would not facilitate an order resolution under the Bankruptcy Code.” These institutions were required to remediate the identified deficiencies by October 1, 2016.2 In addition, the Agencies identified shortcomings in the plans submitted by the remaining three US G-SIBs, which were required to submit plans to address these issues by October 1, 2016.3 The next full plan submissions for all eight US G-SIBs are due by July 1, 2017.

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FRB, FDIC issue feedback on 2015 resolution plans of eight US G-SIBs


Posted by Marlo Karp, Deloitte Advisory Partner on April 15, 2016.

On April 13, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) announced credibility determinations and released firm-specific feedback on the 2015 resolution plans submitted by eight US global systemically important banks (G-SIBs) under Section 165(d) of Dodd-Frank.

In conjunction with this announcement, the FRB and FDIC released guidance for the next full plan submissions for these eight US G-SIBs, which are due by July 1, 2017.

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